The American Veterinary Medicine Association (AVMA) currently recognizes 22 veterinary specialties. Box 334 | Basseterre St. Kitts West Indies | Phone: +1-869-465-4161, Office of Admissions https://www.avma.org/education/accreditation-veterinary-colleges. They might decide to go into equine when they had never even touched a horse before.”. The AVMA COE uses defined standards to evaluate veterinary medical education programs, including facilities, clinical resources, curriculum, faculty, student outcomes and research programs. There are approximately six different types of vets: small animal practitioners, exotic veterinarian, large animal veterinarian, wildlife veterinarian, specialty veterinarian, and research veterinarian. The most common type of veterinarian, the small animal practitioner, treats domestic pets. Having the necessary communication skills is just as important for today’s veterinarian if they want to succeed. Apart from treating animals they also research on different topics such as animal behavior, animal … A veterinarian is essentially an animal doctor, so there are many types of veterinarians just as there are many fields of study for human doctors. Anesthesiology. Livestock. Exotic animal veterinarians usually work with reptiles, birds, and small mammals such as ferrets, degus, and chinchillas. Some choose to run practices that are exclusive to cats and dogs, while others also treat small mammals, such as ferrets, rabbits, hamsters and guinea pigs. Avian veterinarians are licensed animal health professionals who are qualified to diagnose and treat illnesses or injuries found in many species of birds. Know you have a better understanding of what are all the different types of veterinarians. Veterinarians refer their patients to specialists when a particular type of … Outside of the clinical-care setting, veterinary positions are abundant in industry, where licensed veterinarians are in demand to work as food inspectors at animal processing facilities. While there are many veterinarians who treat and operate on animals, there are different types of vets out there that you may also meet. They are doctors for animals. The following are examples of types of veterinarians: Companion animal Veterinarians Interested in learning more about where a DVM can take you? … We are doing the same level of medicine that is being done on the human side.”. Soren Drimer Pejstrup, DVM. 8 Comments. There are many different types of veterinarians; some work with small animals, large farm animals, or wild animals. “You do see kind of a continued trend of super-specialization” in veterinary medicine, says Dr. Ryan Cavanaugh, associate professor for small-animal surgery and assistant dean for clinical placement at Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine (Ross Vet) in St. Kitts. And, in fact, stepping outside of one’s comfort zone—to pursue education and training in different types of veterinary specialties, whether in clinical care or nonclinical settings—will make new veterinarians more well-rounded and better prepared for success in whichever field they ultimately pursue, Peda says. They may work in zoos aquariums, or museums, or out in the field on ships, tending to patients with a variety of needs to keep them healthy. Veterinary medicine is the branch of medicine that deals with the prevention, control, diagnosis, and treatment of disease, disorder, and injury in animals.Along with this, it also deals with animal rearing, husbandry, breeding, research on nutrition and product development. Admissions (US toll free): 855-Ross-Vet | Admissions (international): +1-732-509-3042 | Fax: +1-869-465-1203| [email protected], Academic Catalog | Student Handbook | Privacy Statement | Student Consumer Information | Online Cookie Policy. In this article, we review what a veterinarian does, identify different types of veterinarians, list veterinary requirements and discuss the job outlook for the profession as a whole. Here are 7 different types of veterinary specialists. Related Articles. (Students) might change their career path completely. A veterinarian is a medical professional who protects the health and well-being of both animals and people. They provide treatment for animals that is similar to the services a physician provides to humans. “There is a huge drive to have shelter vets,” Peda says. The following are examples of types of veterinarians: Companion animal veterinarians treat pets and generally work in private clinics and hospitals. When most people think about a veterinarian, they imagine someone who works with cats and dogs. Only the right amount should be given, which otherwise could kill the animal. She has a bachelor's degree in biology from the University of Illinois. Such a veterinarian must also ensure humane and ethical treatment of these animals. They also advise owners on proper care of their pets and livestock. “I see it as a very exciting advancement in our profession,” Cavanaugh says. source: thebalancecareers.com There are 11 main types of vets, and this article will describe the five most common fields of veterinary medicine. “I think it’s important to keep an open mind and try new things. Veterinarians specialize in the care of animals across a wide variety of species. Cavanaugh compares it with the trend of hyper focused specialization in human medicine. Common types of veterinarians include exotic, large and small animal, wildlife and more. Maybe a few did exclusively large animal or exclusively small animal, but most vets were like general practitioners. There are 11 main types of vets, and this article will describe the five most common fields of veterinary medicine. They most often care for cats and dogs, but they also treat other pets, such as birds, ferrets, and rabbits. “There so many opportunities” for all types of vets, Peda offers. These veterinarians complete their four years of veterinarian school, followed by a four-year residency program. Just like your family doctor, it’s always wise to have a vet on call whenever your pet becomes unwell. Types of communication all veterinarians should know. Category: Veterinarians. Veterinarians provide several treatment services to help maintain the health and maximize the happiness of your pets. They most often care for cats and dogs, but also treat other pets, such as birds, ferrets, and rabbits. It's like, "what are the types of doctors"? What Specific Types of Veterinarians Are There? Anesthesia is commonly used in animals for certain diagnostic procedures. While treating animals, they must be provided anesthesia. Naturally, there is quite a bit of overlap between fields of veterinary medicine. Cavanaugh himself is a board-certified veterinary surgeon, “but I had a specific interest beyond that,” he notes, “so I did additional training, and now I’m a board-certified surgical oncologist”, specializing in veterinary cancer surgery. What does a veterinarian do? She has written for Experiencia and Sea World. “A lot of people don’t realize how sophisticated our medicine is. There is a strong competition for entrance into the study to become a veterinarian. … They are expert in much broader subjects such as extinction control, habitat preservation etc. But a doctor of veterinary medicine (DVM) degree offers career possibilities in a wide range of medical specialties as well as clinical research and nonclinical work—meaning that, depending on your interests and how you want to be a guardian of animals’ health, a DVM degree can take you far beyond your local animal-care clinic. Veterinarians may be employed or contracted by veterinary clinics and hospitals, government agencies, educational institutions, wildlife management groups, zoos, aquariums, ranches, farming-related businesses, or pharmaceutical companies. Companion animal veterinarians specialize in the care of small animals like cats, dogs, and some pocket pets. PDF | On Feb 1, 1974, J Wiebe published The swine producer and the veterinarian | Find, read and cite all the research you need on ResearchGate Below are the different types of veterinarian specialties for you to consider and scroll through to discover your future. Explore a career in veterinary medicine with Ross Vet and our accelerated, 3.25 year DVM program. A veterinarian or a vet, is someone who gives animals Veterinary medicine or medical treatment. Parents of a child who requires stomach surgery, he says, increasingly will seek out not merely a general surgeon but a board-certified pediatric surgeon who has experience in gastroenterology to perform the procedure. Anesthesia is used during surgery and in the process of some diagnostic testing methods. If you are trying to become a licensed veterinarian, then you have to be prepared for rigorous studies. From a job and career perspective, that means opportunities are accelerating in especially in shelter medicine, where veterinarians and other care providers look to restore the health of homeless and abandoned animals and find them forever homes. “It’s like animal Crime Scene Investigation,” she says. A veterinarian is essentially an animal doctor, so there are many types of veterinarians just as there are many fields of study for human doctors. They are called General Practitioners and would be the equivalent of your family doctor. Learn more. These encompass specialties and types of veterinarians most people are familiar with from human medicine—internal medicine, ophthalmology, radiology, surgery, and emergency and critical care, for instance—as well as those unique to the veterinary profession: animal welfare, poultry veterinary medicine, laboratory animal medicine and theriogenology (animal reproduction), for example. The following are examples of types of veterinarians: Companion animal veterinarians treat pets and generally work in private clinics and hospitals. Like with human medical physicians, there are several types of veterinarians that range from private practice, to research and development, educational, pharmaceutical and military veterinarians. The following are examples of types of veterinarians: Companion animal Veterinarians These veterinarians diagnose and treat diseases or abnormal conditions in animals, most often cats and dogs. These encompass specialties and types of veterinarians most people are familiar with from human medicine—internal medicine, ophthalmology, radiology, surgery, and emergency and critical care, for instance—as well as those unique to the veterinary profession: animal welfare, poultry veterinary medicine, laboratory animal medicine and theriogenology (animal reproduction), for example. Veterinarians may care for patients with fur, feathers and scales, but not all of them work in clinics. They also diagnose and control animal diseases, treat sick and injured animals, prevent the transmission of animal diseases to people and advise owners on proper care of pets and livestock. Dr. Andrea Peda, an assistant professor at Ross Vet, echoes Cavanaugh’s comments and adds that there is a growing need for different types of veterinarians and different types of veterinary practices. The various types of vets include zoo and wildlife veterinarians who specialize in the care of wild, often exotic, animals. Most licensed veterinarians in the United States work in private practice caring for companion animals—these are the vets we look to for regular care of our household pets. Several medical teams are now working on viral therapies for bone cancers. These veterinarians may be involved in a general practice, treating animals of all types; they may be specialized in a specific group of animals such as companion animals, livestock, zoo animals or equines; or may specialize in a narrow medical discipline such as surgery, dermatology or internal medicine. Veterinary Specialist Like human medicine, there are numerous specialty fields in Veterinary medicine, such as Nutrition, Internal Medicine, Dermatology, Cardiology, Oncology, Ophthalmology, etc. We’re learning the same techniques and the same medical interventions that a human physician would. Another type of veterinarian is wildlife doctor who are not directly related to the private businesses. How Often Should a Dog or Cat be Vaccinated What are the benefits of having my pet spayed or neutered Find the Best Veterinarian near me How to choose Finding the Best Veterinarians How to Choose How do I know when my pet needs dental work. Veterinarians can also opt to specialize in a particular species or group of animals like cats, dogs, poultry, or wildlife. ©2020 Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine. Monkey Business Images/Monkey Business/Getty Images, Jupiterimages/Digital Vision/Getty Images. Here’s a look at the wide range of types of veterinary careers you can choose to pursue. The standards are interpreted and applied by the AVMA COE-accredited veterinary medical education programs in relation to its mission. Curiel has also tested viruses to treat cancer in people. All rights reserved. Peda offers this advice for prospective and current veterinary students considering the types of veterinary careers they might be interested in pursuing: “Be open-minded,” she says. Mixed practice veterinarians generally work with both small and large animals. “When I started working with large animals, I absolutely loved it,” she says. Peda created a shelter medicine program at Ross Vet in part as a response to growing public concern for and investment in animal welfare. Private clinical practice is far from the only career route for licensed veterinarians. This, coupled with the growing importance of providing effective care to commercial animals, has resulted in a steadily expanding veterinary care sector in America. “(Shelter medicine) is a different type of veterinarian specialty because you’re dealing not only with individual animals but also population-based medicine.” There is a great opportunity, she adds, for specialists who focus on shelter animal wellness, mental health for shelter animals, and animal population control, for example through spay/neuter surgery. P.O. Avian Practice (Birds) Avian veterinarians are small animal practitioners that specialize in the veterinary care of birds. When it comes to treating patients having the scientific, technical and clinical skills is not enough. Here, they treat companion animals—pets—like dogs, cats, and birds. There are many different types of veterinarians, ranging from private practitioners who specialize in one species to public health veterinarians who inspect meat and poultry carcasses. Some career options are anesthesiology, dentistry, pathology, and surgery. | Career Trend One of the fastest-growing veterinary fields, according to Peda, is veterinary forensics. Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine confers a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine (DVM) degree which is accredited by the American Veterinary Medical Association Council on Education (AVMA COE), 1931 N. Meacham Road, Suite 100, Schaumburg, IL 60173, 1-800-248-2862. A small animal practitioner is the most common; these professionals work with domestic pets and smaller mammals. Generally they work for a state or a wild life sanctuaries. Related: Learn About Being a Veterinary Assistant. Veterinarians This is one of the most sought after types of veterinary careers. A veterinarian who works in laboratory animal medicine is responsible for the health of a variety of animals that are used for the sake of science. Companion Animal Veterinarians This is the most common type of veterinarian. They mainly manage animals for preservation purposes. These types of veterinarians work to ensure the safety of animals being raised as food sources and can provide guidance on issues ranging from animal housing to animal processing. While a general veterinarian can be effective at treating most of the conditions encountered by animals, sometimes specialists need to be called in to handle more in-depth matters. Some veterinarians will work with all livestock, but this field can also be split into specialties in poultry, dairy, large animal, etc. Ross University School of Veterinary Medicine Exotic Veterinarian: Typically, the definition of an "exotic" pet refers to any domestic pet other than a cat or dog.  For more information please visit https://www.avma.org/education/accreditation-veterinary-colleges. Analgesia & Anesthesia. Veterinarians treat the injuries and illnesses of pets and other animals with a variety of medical equipment, including surgical tools and x-ray and ultrasound machines. “(Students shouldn’t) close themselves off to just one thing.” Peda cites her own experience as a self-described lifelong “small-animal person” who grew up in the suburbs and had no strong interest in or affinity for larger animals prior to vet school. As consumer interest in animal welfare has grown (consider consumers’ rising interest in buying eggs from cage-free chickens and meat from free-to-roam livestock), so, too, has demand grown for veterinarians who have expertise in the well-being of animals raised as food sources. A veterinarian can specialize in these pets, which are considered companion animals. This list of the top 10 highest paying careers in veterinary includes opportunities for people who want to work with patients and their owners directly, as well as ones for people who want to teach or who are drawn to work which helps to ensure that our food supply is safe. “All aspects of veterinary medicine are in demand, whether (you’re looking at) food inspection, biomedical research, shelter medicine” or other veterinary fields, she says. Veterinarians, or ‘vets’, are trained to treat animals when they are sick or injured. Aquatic veterinarians provide health care for different types of marine animals such as fish, sea lions, whales, dolphins and turtles, as well as invertebrate animals such as jellyfish, lobsters, and octopus. When I was a child, there were veterinarians, period. “With the rising awareness of animal welfare, and animal cruelty and neglect and combating that, it has become a field of its own.”. The following are examples of types of veterinarians: In general, a livestock veterinarian will work with domesticated farm animals. Veterinarian Veterinarian Jobs Many Americans consider their pets to be part of their family and deserving of the same level of care extended to their human owners. Monkey Business Images/Monkey Business/Getty Images . Popular Posts. Veterinarians serve the healthcare needs of animals, including small animals, livestock, avian, and zoo and laboratory animals.Commonly called "vets," small animal veterinarians do most of their work in private clinic settings. Copyright 2020 Leaf Group Ltd. / Leaf Group Media, All Rights Reserved. Arlen Hershey has been writing science curriculum for informal science education organizations since 2006. “That’s how they’re going to gain the experiences that they need to build their confidence and build the backbone, the building blocks of what they need to become the best veterinarian that they can be,” she says. 1. They are the most common type of veterinarian and provide inoculations; prescribe medication; set bones; dress wounds; perform surgery and dental work; offer euthanasia services; and advise clients … These veterinarians diagnose and provide treatment for animal health problems; consult with animal owners about preventive healthcare; and … Common Veterinarian Job Types. These animals are usually kept in homes as pets. They diagnose and control animal diseases and treat sick and injured animals. 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