They are able to produce an electric charge which they use to hunt as well as scare off predators. Eels live in shallow waters or hide at the bottom of the oceans in holes which are called eel pits. They are carnivores (meat-eaters) that eat other fish, amphibians, birds and small mammals. The anal fin extends the length of the body to the tip of the tail. The electric eel has an elongated, cylindrical body, typically growing to about 2 m (6 ft 7 in) in length, and 20 kg (44 lb) in weight, making them the largest species of the Gymnotiformes. These fish have always been sought after by some animal collectors, but catching them is difficult, because the only reasonable option is to make the eels tired by continually discharging their electricity. Made in the UK. Electric Eel Facts & Trivia for kids Despite the name the Electric Eel is not an eel. Despite their appearance, electric eels aren’t actually eels at all! Despite its name, the electric eel is not an eel. As obligate air-breathers, electric eels must rise to the surface every ten minutes or so to inhale before returning to the bottom. Electric eels sure are electric, but did you know they're not really eels? It can offer very powerful electric shocks. The maximum weight on an electric eel is six pounds. Their scientific classification is closer to carp and catfish. The Electric Eel is a fascinating creature, and one that allows electric currents to be able to be generated. 3rd Grade. The eel uses the … The rest is … Eels are Fish. It is a knifefish. The electric eel is also known for its unusual breeding behaviour. Female Electric Eels are much larger than males. Electric eels can reach 8 feet in length and weigh up to 44 pounds. It is closely related to a knifefish or catfish. Keeping electric eels in captivity is difficult and mostly limited to zoos and aquaria, although a few hobbyists have kept them as pets. Electric eel has been named so as it has a snake-like long and cylindrical body resembling eels. Yes! The electric eel, Electrophorus electricus, is a species of fish. swimming ability. The eel uses its shock to stun prey and keep predators at bay. All rights reserved. It is a species of Knifefish. So instead of using eyes, electric eels emit a weak electric signal, which they use like radar to navigate, to find a mate, and to find prey. All of an electric eel’s vital organs are crammed into the front 20 percent of its body. Once prey is found, electric eels will use a much stronger shock to stun prey, usually smaller fish. It can give electric shocks of up to six hundred fifty watts of electricity. Eels are fishes that look like snakes. There are hundreds of different species, or types, of eel. The electric eel isn’t an eel at all. In some flooded forest habitats, electric eels account for a large proportion of the fish biomass. The Tennessee Aquarium in the United States is home to an electric eel that uses its electrical discharges to post from its own Twitter account. The mouth is square, and positioned at the end of the snout. Electric eels have an electrical current of about 500V, for protection and hunting. Made in the UK. Juveniles feed primarily on invertebrates, and newly hatched electric eels will eat remaining, unhatched eggs. The direction of wave is not a big deal for an … Despite its name, it is not an eel at all but rather a knifefish. It can kill animals larger than itself. Did you know an electric eel is a fish that can make electricity? The Electric Eel Is Not an Eel. The anterior chamber is connected to the inner ear by a series of small bones derived from neck vertebrae called the Weberian apparatus, which greatly enhances its hearing capability. ... * EELS * | Animals For Kids Quality, educational videos for kids. Eels are elongated fish, ranging in length from 5 centimeters (2 inches) in the one-jawed eel (Monognathus ahlstromi) to 4 meters (13 feet) in the slender giant moray. The term "eel" is also used for some other similarly shaped fish, such as electric eels and spiny eels, but these are not members of the Anguilliformes order. It can give electric shocks of up to six hundred fifty watts of electricity. EEL FACT SHEET Although eels look like snakes, they are fish and belong to the order Anguilliformes, of which there are about 800 species. It depends on large organs that take … Electric Eels Facts. They are closely related to the Catfish. * EELS * | Animals For Kids Quality, educational videos for kids. In fact, it’s a 2.5m (8ft) long fish. Their coloration is dark gray-brown on the back and yellow or orange on the belly. It is a knifefish. The most important fact to know about electric eels is that, unlike the … Learn interesting facts about electric eels in this reading comprehension article. Because they can shock, very few of these fish are kept as pets. The electric eel has an elongated, cylindrical body, typically growing to about 2 m (6 ft 7 in) in length, and 20 kg (44 lb) in weight, making them the largest species of the Gymnotiformes. Some eels live in places that have freshwater such as ponds, rivers and … Kids will learn all about mammals, reptiles, birds, amphibians, and fish. They have no scales. As in other ostariophysan fishes, the swim bladder has two chambers. The fish's electric organs eventually become completely discharged, allowing the collector to wade into the water in comparative safety. In addition to defense, electric eels use their shocking power to hunt. © 1996-2015 National Geographic Society, © 2015- Electric Eels are capable of stunning a human with their powerful electric shocks. It is often found in muddy, slow-moving water low in oxygen – hence its ability to ‘breathe’ air. Researchers at Yale University and the National Institute of Standards and Technology argue artificial cells could be built that not only replicate the electrical behavior of electric eel cells, but also improve on them. In the dry season, a male eel makes a nest from his saliva into which the female lays her eggs. Now that’s shocking! A firefly glows in the dark because it has a chemical on its body called luciferin. They have no scales. E. electricus has a well-developed sense of hearing. Then a person can touch it without being shocked. Artificial versions of the eel's electricity-generating cells could be developed as a power source for medical implants and other microscopic devices. An electric eel is not exactly an eel. The animal uses these shocks both for hunting and to defend itself. It can weigh up to six pounds. Electric eels inhabit fresh waters of the Amazon and Orinoco River basins in South America, in floodplains, swamps, creeks, small rivers, and coastal plains. Electric eels can grow up to 8 feet (2.5 meters) in length. Includes comprehension questions, vocabulary words, and a writing prompt. Electric eels can produce strong electric shocks of around 500 volts. This page was last modified on 5 December 2020, at 11:42. However, it … https://kids.nationalgeographic.com/animals/fish/electric-eel.html. Electric eels have been shown to curl their bodies around larger or more elusive prey. Although electric eels have the power to be the bullies of the Amazon, they are actually not very aggressive animals. Electric Eel Facts & Trivia for kids Despite the name the Electric Eel is not an eel. The scientific name of electric eel is electrophorus electricus. Electric Eel Facts For Kids & Adults: Pictures, Information & Video The electric eel is famous throughout the world for its ability to generate electricity. This fish has a vascularized respiratory system with gas exchange occurring through epithelial tissue in its buccal cavity. The anal fin extends the length of the body to the tip of the tail. Named Miguel Wattson, the eel's exhibit is wired to a small computer that sends out a prewritten tweet when it emits electricity at a high enough threshold. Their long and cylindrical body can be white, black, blue, purple or grey in color. Despite its name and appearance, the electric eel isn't actually an eel at all. The posterior chamber extends along the whole length of the body and maintains the fish's buoyancy. Male electric eels are much smaller than the females. That strategy has the effect of doubling the strength of the electric field between the electric eel’s positive pole (which is located near the head) and its negative pole (which is located near the tail). Habitats: Where Eels Live. Female Electric Eels are much larger than males. Because electric eels can shock, very few of them are kept as pets. Nearly eighty percent of the oxygen used by the fish is obtained in this way. Mature females have a darker color on the belly. Mature females have a darker color on the belly. Electricity-producing organ takes 80% of their body. It is an obligatory air breather (must breath air). They may look like a snake, but they aren’t even a real eel. Even though its name suggests it is an eel, it is not. The electric eel lives in freshwater habitats. If you touch its body, you can get a shock. Electric eels can use these discharges to electrocute other fish, and to give humans a … It has very poor eyesight but relies on it… The mouth is square, and positioned at the end of the snout. The electric eel then delivers a series of shocks that occur at one-millisecond intervals. Electric Eels live in freshwater river basins and areas in South America. Their long and cylindrical body can be white, black, blue, purple or grey in colour. They are more closely related to carp and catfish. Reaching up to eight feet in length, this can be one monstrous fish! They use this to hunt and to protect themselves too. Its electric organs evolved from muscles, and make up four fifths of its body. Eels can live for 70 years or more – depending on the specie though most species of eel don’t live for more than 30 years. Group of eels is called swarm. 4th Grade. Electric Eels are capable of stunning a human with their powerful electric shocks. Electric eel, firefly and gecko. The electric charge is produced by special organs along the sides of the eel’s body. Electric Eel Facts and Information Electrophorus electricus Introduction to Electric Eel. National Institute of Standards and Technology. It can also produce sudden jolts of electricity, powerful enough to kill other fish. It lurks in muddy, murky bodies of water such as swamps, ponds, streams and river basins in South America. Other fish, such as electric eels, have special cells in their body that produce strong electric discharges. Rather, it's a very close relative of the catfish. Electric Eel Facts: Habitat The electric eel lives in freshwater lakes, streams and small rivers. But if the eel repeatedly shocks, its electric organs become completely discharged. Electric Eel. Body. As many as 3,000 young hatch from the eggs in one nest. As many as 17,000 young electric eels will hatch from the eggs in one nest. Despite its name, the electric eel is not closely related to the true eels (Anguilliformes), but is a member of the neotropical knifefish order (Gymnotiformes), which is more closely related to the catfish. They belong to a large group of fishes called the eel order. It can kill animals larger than the eel itself. These electrical currents send … It is a species of Knifefish. Electric eels are solitary animals (live on their own). This makes sense, because the muddy water is very low in oxygen, and it needs oxygen to power its electric organs. It produces two types of electrical discharge: low voltage and high voltage. Electric Eels live in freshwater river basins and areas in South America. It is no easy feat for the electric eel to create its own electricity. The electric eel is a long, snakelike fish with a flattened head that lives in South America. Facts about Electric Eels 6: the voltage The voltage produced by the electric eels can reach 860 watts and 860 volts for 2 milliseconds. The electric eel is known for its unusual breeding behavior. A popular way … Electric eels have three pairs of electric … Electric eels are truly electric. The electric eel, electrophorus electricus, is not technically an eel but a different … The juveniles eat invertebrates, such as shrimp and crabs. As in other ostariophysan fishes, the swim bladder h… To locate prey, it sends out weak electrical signals that help it to sense its environment, a bit like radar. This causes the heart to pump blood around our bodies. Electricity makes the muscles in our heart contract. First-born hatchlings eat other eggs and embryos from later clutches. The electric discharge from an electric eel can be stronger than 500 volts. Due to the very short duration of the electric shock, the possibility is very low for an adult human to be dead when being shocked by the electric eel. This means it usually has no enemies except other animals of its own species. It lives in the stagnant muddy river bottoms of the Orinoco and the Amazon, and uses low-voltage electric fields to find its prey. Electric eels are air breathers and must come to the water’s surface frequently. 2020 National Geographic Partners, LLC. … Adult electric eels are generalist carnivores, eating fish, crustaceans, insects and small vertebrates, such as amphibians, reptiles and mammals. The nerves in our bodies carry small electrical currents. Electric eels aren’t eels. They often live on muddy bottoms in calm or stagnant waters. View PDF. The electric eel is an apex predator in the parts of South America where it lives. These young electric eels feed mainly on invertebrates found on the river bed, however, first-born baby electric eels have been known to gobble up the eggs from batches of other electric eels that were laid only a short time after themselves. Electric eels are nocturnal, live in muddy, dark waters, and have poor eyesight. It is the only species in the genus Electrophorus, or able to produce electricity. Although electric eels have the power to be the bullies of the Amazon, they are actually not very aggressive animals. Electric eels have poor eyesight, and they rely on other senses to find food, which includes other fish since the eel is a carnivore (meat eater). First, let's take a quick look at this animal. The shock of an electric eel has been known to knock a horse off its feet. The electric eel is a South American freshwater fish found mainly in the Amazon River basin. Eels have a unique swimming ability. 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